Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Assessment of fibrillin-2 and elastin gene polymorphisms in patients with a traumatic Achilles tendon rupture: Is Achilles tendon rupture a genetic disease?

1.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Military Medical Academy Memorial Teaching Hospital, Lodz, Poland

2.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland

AOTT 2023; 57: 73-77
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2023.22024
Read: 999 Downloads: 411 Published: 01 March 2023

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the polymorphism of fibrillin-2 (FBN2) and elastin genes in patients with Achilles tendon rupture and to compare the results with a control group of participants who did not experience such an injury.

Methods: In this prospective study, 106 consecutive patients in whom traumatic Achilles tendon rupture was diagnosed and treated were included. The control group consisted of randomly selected 92 athletes (10 women and 82 men) 85 of whom had practiced sports in the past, aged 40-76 years, who during their sports career did not experience Achilles tendon ruptures. Material for genetic tests was obtained by the swab from the oral cavity epithelium of all the study population.

Results: 102 (96%) of patients with traumatic Achilles tendon ruptures were people with polymorphism B or heterozygotes for the elastin gene. 97 (92%) of patients with traumatic Achilles tendon ruptures were people with polymorphism B and heterozygotes for the FBN2 gene. Patients with homozygote A of the elastin gene and homozygote A of the FBN2 gene demonstrated a considerably lower incidence rate of sport-related Achilles tendon rupture. The type of sport that led to the Achilles tendon rupture and the amount of experience practicing it, as well as BMI and drug usage, did not contribute to a higher rate of incidence of any additional musculoskeletal problems or a longer time to return to their pre-injury sports activity. Polymorphisms of the fibrillin 2 (P=.0001) and elastin (P=.0009) genes impact the occurrence of traumatic injury to the Achilles tendon. However, it does not affect the length of full recovery time (P =.2251).

Conclusion: Minimally invasive and, above all, safe collection of genetic material from the epithelium of the oral cavity in order to assess the polymorphic state of the FBN and elastin genes may allow the identification of a group of players at risk of Achilles tendon rupture resulting in long-term injury, which will significantly affect their sports career in the future.

Level of Evidence: Level II, Prognostic Study

Cite this article as: Poszepczyński J, Pietrusiński M, Borowiec M, Edward Domżalski M. Assessment of fibrillin-2 and elastin gene polymorphisms in patients with a traumatic achilles tendon rupture: Is achilles tendon rupture a genetic disease? Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2023;57(2):73-77.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294