Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Effects of microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knees on self-reported mobility, quality of life, and psychological states in patients with transfemoral amputations

1.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, İstanbul University, İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation İstanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

AOTT 2020; 54: 502-506
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19269
Read: 134 Downloads: 50 Published: 28 October 2020

Objective: This study aimed to determine the effects of the microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee (MPK) joint on self-mobility, body perceptions, depression, and quality of life in patients with unilateral transfemoral amputations (TFAs).

Methods: Thirty consecutive patients (28 males, mean age=38.5 years, age range=22-57) who had previously used non-MPKs and who were approved to use swing and stance phase-control MPKs were included in this 12-week clinical study. Before the MPK use and after the three-month follow-up, prosthetic use and locomotor capabilities were evaluated using the Houghton Scale and the Locomotor Capabilities Index (LCI-5), respectively. Body perception was assessed using the Amputee Body Image Scale (ABIS). The depressive symptoms and quality of life were evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score and the 36-Item Short- Form Health Survey (SF-36), respectively.

Results: After MPK use, statistically significant ameliorations were observed in all outcome measures. The basic and advanced LCI-5 increased from 26.7±2.2 and 24.8±5.2 to 27.6±1.2 (p=0.007) and 27±2.1 (p=0.004), respectively. Houghton scores improved from 9±1 to 10.3±0.8 (p=0.000). The ABIS and BDI scores decreased from 43.2±10.9 and 5.7±6.6 to 37.1±8.9 (p=0.000) and 3.8±4.5 (p=0.015), respectively. Also, the SF-36 physical function and vitality subscales increased from 71.2±24.0 and 75.5±14.6 to 85.6±16.6 (p=0.001) and 81.7±14.1 (p=0.015), respectively.

Conclusion: MPK use provides significant improvements in the locomotor capabilities, quality of life, and activities of daily living to patients with TFAs as well as improves their body image perceptions and depressive symptoms.

Level of Evidence: Level III, Self controlled study

Cite this article as: Şen Eİ, Aydın T, Buğdaycı D, Kesiktaş FN. Effects of microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knees on self-reported mobility, quality of life, and psychological states in patients with transfemoral amputations. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(5): 502-6

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294