Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Case Report

Pectoralis major tendon transfer for subscapularis deficiency following multiple failed instability surgeries: A case report


Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, İstanbul Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Training and Research Hospital İstanbul, Turkey

AOTT 2020; 54: 651-654
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19174
Read: 1977 Downloads: 126 Published: 30 December 2020

Here, we report a case of a 30-year-old man with a diagnosis of complex shoulder instability, who was treated successfully by pectoralis major transfer following a series of failed instability correction surgeries. The patient was admitted to our outpatient clinic with an approximately 6-year history of chronic shoulder instability following several failed operations, including open Bankart repair, open capsular plication and Bankart repair, open capsule repair, arthroscopic Bankart repair, and Bristow-¬Latarjet procedure. Physical examination revealed persistent shoulder pain, weakness, and a limited range of motion. Imaging studies demonstrated complete subscapularis muscle atrophy with Goutallier grade 4 fatty infiltration. The decision for revision surgery was made owing to his shoulder findings and clinical symptoms. The intra-operative assessment revealed the subscapularis muscle to be fully atrophic and irreparable. The pectoralis major muscle was transferred from the intertubercular groove of the humerus to the lesser tuberosity. Postoperatively, the patient had 4 weeks of shoulder immobilization. Physical examination demonstrated an improved shoulder range of motion without evidence of recurrent shoulder instability. The authors encountered no sign of dislocation for 2.5 years of follow-up after the surgery. In conclusion, subscapularis muscle atrophy or insufficiency should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with failed shoulder instability surgeries. Pectoralis major tendon transfer may be successfully performed for the surgical treatment of such patients.

Cite this article as: Aydın N, Tütüncü MN, Sekizkardeş M. Pectoralis major tendon transfer for subscapularis deficiency following multiple failed instability surgeries: A case report. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(6): 651-4.

ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294