Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Case Report

Rapid progression of scoliosis curve in a mature patient with undiagnosed pituitary macroadenoma: A rare case report

1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (NOCERAL), University of Malaya, School of Medicine, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

AOTT 2020; 54: 561-564
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19144
Read: 107 Downloads: 36 Published: 28 October 2020

Growth hormone secreting pituitary tumor or gigantism has not been previously reported to be associated with rapid progression of scoliosis in the literature. However, there are some reports indicating scoliosis can be worsened by growth hormone therapy in children and adolescents. A 19-year-old boy was referred to our institution for the treatment of a right thoracolumbar scoliosis. The Cobb angle had worsened from 29° to 83° over two years’ duration. He attained puberty at the age of 13. He had a previous history of slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE), which was operated in 2015, with no clinical features of gigantism. Preoperative assessment was performed. He was diagnosed with growth hormone secreting pituitary macroadenoma by magnetic resonance imaging with a high serum level of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Computed tomography (CT) of the pancreas showed a pancreatic endocrine tumor. The patient was later diagnosed with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1). He underwent endoscopic endonasal excision of the pituitary mass and distal pancreatectomy. This case indicates that growth hormone secreting pituitary macroadenoma could result in rapid progression of scoliosis.

Cite this article as: Chung WH, Chiu CK, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Rapid progression of scoliosis curve in a mature patient with undiagnosed pituitary macroadenoma: A rare case report. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(5): 561-4

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ISSN1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294