Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Staged surgical treatment of open Lisfranc fracture dislocations using an adjustable bilateral external fixator: A retrospective review of 21 patients

1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shangjin Nanfu Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

3.

Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

AOTT 2020; 54: 488-496
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19221
Read: 141 Downloads: 76 Published: 28 October 2020

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the early operative results of a staged progressive reduction technique using a bilateral external fixator in the treatment of patients with open Lisfranc fracture dislocations.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 21 patients (5 women and 16 men; mean age=44.4 years; age range=24 to 69 years) with open Lisfranc fracture dislocations were included. All the patients were treated in a staged manner from 2012 to 2015. The mean follow-up was 15.4 months (range=12 to 24 months). A two-stage surgical protocol was performed for each patient. At the first stage, a bilateral spanning external fixator was applied across the injured Lisfranc joint, and the length of the disrupted columns was restored by distraction process. Vacuum-assisted closure was used if required. At the second stage, the external fixator was removed, and open reduction and internal fixation were carried out. The time interval between the first and second stages and postoperative complications were documented. To assess the functional status of the patients, the visual analog scale (VAS) and the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot scale were measured at the final follow-up. Radiographic parameters indicating the alignment of the midfoot after the second operation were examined.

Results: Deep infection in one patient and superficial infection in 2 patients were observed. Venous thrombosis was detected in 3 patients. The mean interval between the first and second stages was 18.6 days (range=8 to 48 days). The first metatarso-cuneiform step-off (p=0.002) and the second metatarso-cuneiform step-off (p=0.000) significantly improved at the final follow-up. The mean VAS score was 2.4 (range=0-5), and the mean AOFAS score was 76.3 (range=63 to 97). Primary arthrodesis was performed in seven patients, and six of the remaining 14 patients developed post-traumatic arthritis.

Conclusion: With a low risk of complications, the staged progressive reduction protocol using an adjustable bilateral external fixator can be an effective treatment to achieve and maintain anatomic reduction for patients with open Lisfranc fracture dislocations in a short-time follow-up.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study

Cite this article as: Liu X, An J, Chen Y, Deng W, An X, Zhang H. Staged surgical treatment of open Lisfranc fracture dislocations using an adjustable bilateral external fixator: A retrospective review of 21 patients. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(5): 488-96

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294